ESSA includes provisions that President-elect Donald Trump's nominee for education secretary could use to promote public school choice, such as virtual learning, and charter schools.
King's year-long tenure has been marked by big fights between different groups, all of whom consider themselves advocates of public education.
In a Dec. 12 letter, the five Democrats single out All Children Matter, the PAC founded and previously led by DeVos, for not paying the outstanding 2008 fine in Ohio.
In filling agency posts, DeVos could tap people she knows and has worked with in Michigan advocacy and political circles, including at the American Federation for Children.
The Obama administration's teacher-preparation regulations under the Higher Education Act and its accountability regulations for the Every Student Succeeds Act could be headed for the trash heap.
The grant competition announced Tuesday would give up to 20 school districts the opportunity to craft roadmaps for increasing student diversity and get started on those plans.
In a joint letter to governors and chief state school officers, they say "The challenge going forward is to devise accountability systems that raise the ceiling as well as the floor."
How Trump and DeVos (if she is confirmed by the Senate) will handle civil rights issues at the Education Department has been one of the major questions surrounding her.
School choice isn't easy to do in the rural states and communities that played such a large part in the President-elect's Electoral College victory.
Betsy DeVos, President-elect Donald Trump's pick for U.S. Secretary of Education, doubled down on her promise to localize education, boost choice and "end" the common-core standards.