The Medicare bill, if it passes, would also extend for two years the Children's Health Insurance Plan, or CHIP.
Sen. Lamar Alexander said the federal government already spends about $22 billion annually on various early-education programs, but the money is fragmented and often ineffective.
In a talk to state schools chiefs, the House education committee chairman called the collapse of floor support for his GOP-backed bill "the perfect storm."
Any ESEA reauthorization proposal that simply passes on a party-line vote, Education Secretary Arne Duncan said, is "not policy, that's politics," and he worried that progress on reauthorization will continue to stall.
Senator-turned-presidential candidate Ted Cruz's education platform could be described, in a nutshell, as Not Jeb Bush.
States need to count on a permanent federal education policy, the head of the Council of Chief State School Officers told the group's annual legislative conference Monday.
Nearly every state with a waiver plans to file a renewal request, we found. But, in Louisiana and Texas, renewal is complicated.
Colorado and Kentucky are eyeing flexibility similar to what New Hampshire got. Meanwhile, Colorado is seeking other big testing changes, including on opt-outs.
Colorado wants to add language to its No Child Left Behind Act waiver through the renewal process, ensuring that opt-outs don't count against a school's 95 percent participation threshold.
The U.S. Senate's fiscal 2016 budget proposal would fund the federal government to the tune of $493 billion, keeping in place the across-the-board spending caps under sequestration.