Lawmakers are allowing states to distribute funds for the Student Support and Academic Enrichment grants competitively, instead of by formula.
In the proposed deal covering the rest of fiscal 2017 through September, after-school programs would get an increase, but teacher development grants would see a notable cut.
Michigan's lieutenant governor says the plan, which the state submitted earlier this month, should be changed in order to better account for special education students.
Critics of the federally funded voucher program quickly pounced on the study's findings to throw cold water on the Trump administration's push to expand private school voucher programs.
The Government Accountability Office says the U.S. Department of Education "lacks useful data" about the impact 21st Century Community Learning Center programs have on children's attendance and discipline.
The biggest state beneficiaries of the program, which is linked to revenue derived from timber harvests on federal lands, include Oregon, California, and Idaho.
The executive order seems to be a not-so-veiled shot at the Obama administration, which used federal funding to entice states to adopt the Common Core State Standards and more.
The comment came in a Fox News interview when Education Secretary Betsy DeVos was asked if she would withhold federal money from states that use the standards.
A coalition of advocacy organizations are concerned about U.S. Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos' early moves with respect to civil rights, including her pick as acting head of the office for civil rights.
The U.S. Department of Education's press secretary comes from the office of a Texas Republican member of Congress.