Charles "Monty" Roessel had led the bureau since late 2013, but was stripped of his duties after investigators said he improperly used his influence to get others jobs.
The grant aims to aid Native American students, including Native Hawaiian and Native American Pacific Islanders, who are identified as English-language learners.
How to improve tests for English-learners, a population that is tricky to assess, was a major topic of discussion during a session of negotiated rulemaking on the Every Student Succeeds Act.
Research indicates that immigrant families have less access to initiatives such as Head Start, a federally funded program that provides early education for children from low-income families.
The Government Accountability Office found that nearly 40 percent of Bureau of Indian Education schools were not inspected for safety and health violations in fiscal year 2015.
For the first time, parents have around-the-clock access to interpretation services in about 200 languages. It's part of a push to boost parental involvement in the nation's largest school district.
The new federal K-12 law could do more to hold all schools accountable for the education of non-native English-speaking students, who are overwhelmingly Spanish-speaking Latinos.
In a videotaped address to National Association of Bilingual Education members, John B. King Jr. touted the potential benefits of the Every Student Succeeds Act for ELLs.
Under its Native Youth Community Projects, the U.S. Department of Education will make $17.4 million available to organizations, after awarding $5.3 million last year.
"I have a real connection, not only with the immigrant journey, but the English language journey," says Anaheim Union High School District Superintendent Michael Matsuda.