The focus has shifted from "the whats of language," namely vocabulary and grammar, to "doing" with language by engaging with academic content, said Kenji Hakuta, a Stanford University professor.
The New America Foundations hopes the glossary will pin down what educators mean when they talk about dual-language learners, English-language learners, long-term English learners, and other groups of students.
For two years, the district failed to give a required English placement test to about 1,200 students who reported speaking a language other than English at home.
A major goal of the BIE reorganization is to shift its role from a provider of education to overseeing tribal communities that will eventually run their own schools.
To earn the seal, D.C. students must demonstrate "cultural and communicative competency" in English and another language.
The legislation signed by Gov. Steve Bullock will fund new language immersion programs in five Montana school systems and subsidize already-existing language preservation efforts.
A report from the Center for American Progress finds that that engaging students and parents simultaneously improves the academic and educational well-being of both generations.
Former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton wants to give students who came to the county as undocumented minors a path to citizenship.
Decades of neglect and inaction continues to plague federally funded schools for American Indian children, despite scathing watchdog reports and exhortations from tribal leaders and federal officials to repair and replace dilapidated facilities.
In January, leaders in 20 nonprofit organizations wrote to Gov. Jerry Brown, asking him to consider the importance of appointing a champion for ELLs, who constitute a quarter of the state's K-12 student population.