The Council of Great City Schools study shows that Hispanic students face longest odds for high school graduation, college- and career-readiness and other factors that shape their schooling experience.
The performance of some ELLs and other historically low-performing students would be measured as part of a subgroup called "Lowest-Performing 25%"
Fewer are from Spanish-speaking Latin America and more are settling outside the traditional gateway states such as California and New York.
The ELL subgroup is in a state of constant flux, making it impossible for schools to take credit for the longer-term success of English-learners and to be held accountable when the students struggle.
The school system is the latest to reach an agreement on how to improve its practices with the U.S. Department of Education's office for civil rights.
Californians Together offers a critique of the UC Berkeley study that found the state might be identifying too many young children for English-language instruction.
Only a small handful of proposals from likely grantees appear to address needs of English learners
A new online guide is meant to help Spanish-speaking parents recognize signs of learning disabilities in their children and advocate for them in school.
Practical advice from ELL students on what helps them learn the language
Performance changes little for ELLs overall, but rates of exclusion were down from 2009.