Tribal schools in Minnesota receive about $5,000 per student in federal funds, which is half of the per-pupil amount that the state provides to other school districts.
Some rural districts could lose more than 50 percent of Title I funding.
The study will examine the experiences of Native American students that impact interest in STEM fields.
The project aims to build capacity among rural educators and communities to boost early-literacy skills.
About half of rural school districts do not have students enrolled in Advanced Placement courses.
This year, states will receive a significant decrease in funding for roads and schools in areas near national forests.
Nearly 45 percent of children in rural McDowell County, West Virginia do not live with their parents and many are being raised by grandparents.
A two-part series by Learning Matters TV, for PBS Newshour, explores the 'deep-rooted' challenges facing rural West Virginia schools.
The president is seeking a $50 million increase in funding for a grant program aimed at expanding opportunities for Native American youth.
The budget proposal will include transportation aid to cash-strapped rural schools.