Young children with disabilities are often placed in segregated settings, as opposed to the least-restrictive environment that can meet their needs, says a draft policy statement from two federal agencies.
The Monday action by the Supreme Court follows a recommendation from the Obama administration that the high court not take up the case, which involved a private school placement.
Girls and boys with autism spectrum disorder may both face social rejection from peers, but exclusion by girls may be harder to spot, recent research suggests.
The report notes that the overall graduation rate is climbing nationally, but students with disabilities still lag their typically-developing peers.
The U.S Department of Education's office for civil rights released a status report of its work for the past two fiscal years, much of which was driven by complaints over alleged violations of disability law.
A study of about 600 children who were diagnosed with autism as toddlers found about 7 percent no longer had symptoms 4 years later, but often had other disabilities.
School districts that violate the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and cut their spending cannot use that new, lowered baseline in subsequent years, the rule states.
Public agencies, including school districts, should avoid filing due process complaints about issues that are currently under investigation by the state, says a recent "Dear Colleague" letter from the Education Department.
States would have to develop plans to prevent unnecessary restraint and seclusion in schools, and the Jacob K. Javits Gifted and Talented Education program would be reauthorized under the pending ESEA rewrite.
A review of recent studies shows some factors connected with postschool employment, education, and independent living, but researchers say more evidence would be welcome.