A large number of states this year seek to upend their funding formulas because of budget shortfalls, rising Medicaid costs, and new flexibility under ESSA.
Eight years out of the recession, more than 29 states missed last fiscal year's revenue forecast, resulting in flat K-12 spending proposals and some revenue soul-searching.
Legislatures in Washington resort to special sessions in an effort to satisfy court rulings striking down their K-12 funding systems.
As states gear up for the Every Student Succeeds Act, there's been a flood of legislation in areas including accountability systems and testing.
The Every Student Succeeds Act requires states to report per-pupil spending by school, a number many financial gurus say is often elusive for even district superintendents.
The state is one of just 13 where the job is elected rather than appointed. Opponents say that's made education debates especially politically combative.
Just days after Robert Bentley's resignation, his replacement, Gov. Kay Ivey, showed up at the state's board meeting Thursday to say, "education is the foundation for economic development."
A task force appointed by Gov. Robert Bentley, a Republican, had led the creation of that state's ESSA plan, but its website has now been taken down.
Some lawyers are arguing that "adequate" and "equitable" education means more than just money, creating a challenge for state legislatures and state courts.
Maryland is one of several states where bills have been proposed that dictate the content of state accountability plans under the Every Student Succeeds Act.