The Rhode Island education commissioner has previously stated she'd like to stay on under the new Gov.-elect Gina Raimondo, but Gist's current contract expires in June.
Cuomo challenged President Ronald Reagan's vision of America, and successfully pushed to expand college access to poor and middle-class students.
The former Florida governor is stepping away from the group he founded in 2008 that has grown to be one of the most influential K-12 advocacy groups in the country.
In her petition to the state's top court, Gov. Nikki Haley says the November ruling doesn't take into account recent changes to state education spending.
A district court in Kansas has found the state's K-12 funding system to be "inadequate to the task."
Cuomo had sponsored the bill as a way to create a safety net for teachers, but he has criticized recent teacher ratings that gave most educators high marks.
Jim Peyser currently works for the NewSchools Venture Fund, and has strong ties to charter schools and past Republican governors in the Bay State.
Pam Stewart's announcement came two weeks after a powerful Florida lawmaker expressed a desire to review testing's role in public schools.
This year was characterized by intense discusssions in many states about the progress and worthiness of the Common Core State Standards and their online assessments.
Annual per-student spending would rise to $9,015 in Gov. Jay Inslee's proposed education spending plan for the 2015-17 biennial budget