A report suggests that the $2.5 billion program should focus more on continuous improvement than on scattershot activities.
The tentative framework would tighten tenure and dismissal processes and require the state education department to develop a new teacher-evaluation system.
The federal watchdog agency concludes the Education Department isn't doing enough to answer that question.
In the fallout from his controversial proposal to tie increased education aid to policy shifts, Gov. Cuomo is eyeing a panel to rewrite teacher-evaluation rules.
About 290 teachers have been removed from a costly pool of teachers who are on the city payroll but don't have permanent jobs.
The education secretary gave his own efforts to improve teacher preparation a "low grade" so far.
Unions say they'll appeal a Staten Island judge's decision March 12 to permit a challenge to the state's teacher-employment protections to move forward.
The Connecticut Education Association would scrap the Smarter Balanced assessments and replace them with a series of shorter progress tests.
Black and low-performing students seemed to gain most from having a teacher of the same race, it concludes.
The fallout from runoff elections, to be held in May, could influence contract negotiations with the city teachers' union.