Efforts started under former Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg in 2011 aim to address challenges faced by young black and Latino men, including in the areas of literacy and graduation rates.
A report by an education advocacy group last month said that approving 40 new charter schools (the number has since declined to 39) could hike the district's charter payments to more than $1 billion annually.
The Lawrence, Kan., school system initiative aims to address the problem of male students graduating at lower rates than female students.
The foundation said that it will reassess the prize given how urban education has changed in the last 13 years, but it was also disappointed with the "sluggish" performance in urban schools.
The proposal comes after the state board of education voted to take over Little Rock's schools.
The first independent analysis of Oakland, Calif., school district's initiative to support boys of color found that students enrolled in the program had better grades and school attendance rates and fewer suspensions than their peers.
The city's Independent Budget Office found that students with disabilities who attended charter schools were more likely to stay in their schools for four years than similar students in regular district schools.
City and school leaders hope the extra time will boost student academic performance, especially in the city's lowest-performing schools.
State education officials voted to immediately dissolve the city's elected board but to keep local superintendent on an "interim" basis.
Data from the National Center for Education Statistics show that in fiscal year 2012 the median per-pupil spending by local school districts declined by 2.5 percent.