The bill, which passed on a voice vote, makes changes to data collection and reporting and to the contact juveniles can have with adult inmates, among other provisions.
At least nine states and the District of Columbia had turned in their plans to the feds, or were planning to by the end of Monday.
Here's what to look for on the goals states are setting, how they are rating schools, and what their plans are for school improvement under the new law.
Carlos Muniz, who worked for former Florida Gov. Jeb Bush, will serve as the agency's general counsel, if confirmed by the U.S. Senate.
The education secretary's visit to Kimberly Hampton Elementary School in Fort Bragg, N.C., will be her first visit to a school run by the Department of Defense.
Democrats and Republicans who worked on ESSA said the education secretary would not be able to reject a state's plan because of lack of choice without violating a long list of prohibitions in the law.
The Trump administration argues the 21st Century Community Learning Centers program is not very effective, but some advocates and educators beg to differ.
Rep. Bobby Scott, D-Va., the top Democrat on the House education committee, wants the money to be used by local community partnerships for dropout prevention, workforce training, and more.
At the Brookings Institution, Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos discussed school choice, student performance on national and international exams, states' ESSA plans, and more.
The secretary of education didn't enjoy the smoothest confirmation process. Could that be a factor in her low ranking in a recent Saint Leo University survey?