Some Republican White House contenders want to get rid of the department entirely, while others just want to slim it down.
Kasich wants to "shrink the federal education bureaucracy" by consolidating over 100 programs into "four block grants" for states.
Earlier this month, the National Education Association voted to endorse Hillary Clinton in the Democratic primary for president. But what went into that decision beforehand?
Both pieces of ESEA reauthorization legislation pending in the House and Senate would put states and districts, as opposed to the feds, in the driver's seat when it comes to turnarounds.
Three urban school districts, plus a network of charter schools, will split nearly $2 million in one-time grants aimed at helping students develop the kind of "mindsets" and skills that will help them learn.
If you were hoping for a meaty discussion of the big issues facing K-12, including testing, teacher evaluation, fixing low-performing schools, you were out of luck.
Will anyone talk about K-12 education? Will standardized testing come up? Those and other K-12 questions surround today's Democratic presidential debate between five candidates.
The Senate's ESEA rewrite includes resources for early childhood education, innovation, and literacy, but its spending bills would nix those programs.
Congressional aides are said to be burning the midnight oil in a push to get a conference report done quickly, but still produce a well-crafted bill.
The U.S. Department of Education's undersecretary covered a range of topics in a one-on-one interview at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation's recent learning forum.