Stevens served 34 years on the U.S. Supreme Court, ruling for student rights, racial equality, and a high wall of separation between church and state.
The issue has been followed by education groups who feared the question would harm response rates and affect the allocation of federal school aid.
The government reverses course on whether it will try to revive the citizenship question that worries education groups for its potential impact on federal school aid.
The U.S. Supreme Court agreed to review a decision by Montana's highest court that struck down a tuition tax-credit program allowing tuition scholarships to benefit students at private religious schools.
The justices will decide the legality of the Trump administration's efforts to end the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program.
In a case being watched for its implications on education aid, the justices ruled that the U.S. secretary of commerce used a pretext in seeking to add the question to next year's count.
In a debate that has arisen over federal education guidance, the justices reaffirmed that courts should defer to federal agencies' reasonable interpretations of their ambiguous regulations.
The U.S. Supreme Court's 7-2 decision upheld a 94-year-old cross memorializing a Maryland county' s World War I dead, but stopped short of overruling the so-called "Lemon" test for evaluating government interaction with religion.
The Trump administration backs three families seeking to require the state of Maine to pay tuition for their children to attend religious high schools.
The U.S. Supreme Court refused to hear a challenge to a Pennsylvania district's policy of permitting transgender students to use facilities consistent with their gender identity.